, Was a friend during childhood, and both were educated by Aristotle. Subjugation of Sogdiana.—Revolt of Spitamenes, XVIII. . I have noticed as many of his deviations from Attic Greek constructions as I thought suitable to a work of this kind. A description of India, and of Nearchus's voyage thence, was to be a supplement. March to Bactra.—Bessus aided by Satibarzanes, XXVII. It is a comparatively easy thing to give a paraphrase of a foreign work, presenting the general drift of the original; but no one, unless he has himself tried it, can understand the difficulty of translating a classical Author correctly without omission or mutilation. From section 26 of the Periplus we find that this voyage must have taken place about the year 131 or 132 A.D.; for the death of King Cotys II., noticed, in that passage as just dead, is proved by Böckh's investigations to have occurred in 131 A.D. Two other geographical works, The Periplus of the Bed Sea and The Periplus of the Euxine, formerly ascribed to Arrian, are proved to belong to a later date. 1710522 The Anabasis of Alexander; or, The history of the wars and conquests of Alexander the Great. During the stay of the emperor Hadrian at Athens, A.D. 126, Arrian gained his friendship. Though it may be looked upon as a supplement to the Anabasis, Arrian often refers in the one work to the other. . Alexander in Persis.—Tomb of Cyrus Repaired, XXX. . Anabasis Alexandri, books V-VII. Foundation of Alexandria.—Events in the Aegean, III. , A translation was made by the late P.A.Brunt, Volume I was published by Harvard University Press as Loeb Classical Library 236 in 1976. Alexander's Dealings with the Indian Sages, III. this source used to clarify < Claudius Vitart tart > in the 1729 editio as being < Claudius Vitart >), Arrian. Alexander crosses the Hellespont and visits Troy, XII. this source used to identify < Leo of Modena >), Arrian, John Rooke, Jean Le Clerc - Arrian's History of Alexander's Expedition R. Lea, 1814 [Retrieved 2015-04-06](ed. He also compiled The Enchiridion of Epictetus, an abstract of the philosophy of Epictetus, which is still extant. Reconciliation between Alexander and his Army, XII. It was written in the second century A.D. by Arrian of Nicomedia. rein in what he wrote. //-->, This article will be permanently flagged as inappropriate and made unaccessible to everyone. This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. . Page: 559. 117-139, Published by: Cambridge University Press on behalf of The Classical Association, Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/638409, CA Evans - (Payzant Distinguished Professor of New Testament at Acadia Divinity College, Wolfville, Nova Scotia, Canada) - The World of Jesus and the Early Church: Identity and Interpretation in Early Communities of Faith (p.210) Hendrickson Publishers, 2011 ISBN 1598568256 [Retrieved 2015-04-03], (edited by Alexander Chalmers) - The General Biographical Dictionary: Containing an Historical and Critical Account of the Lives and Writings of the Most Eminent Persons in Every Nation: Particularly the British and Irish; from the Earliest Accounts to the Present Time, Volume 20 J. Nichols, 1815 [Retrieved 2015-04-06](ed. In the multiplicity of references which I have put into the Notes, I should be sanguine if I imagined that no errors will be found; but if such occur, I must plead as an excuse the pressure of work which a teacher in a large school experiences, leaving him very little energy for literary-labour. Category: History. Composed by Arrian of Nicomedia in the second century AD, the work comprises seven books providing a broadly chronological account of the reign and campaigns of Alexander with a particular focus on military matters. Besides the large works, we learn from Photius (cod. Capture of Bazira.—Advance to the Rock of Aornus, XXX. Neither the Pennsylvania State University nor Jim Manis, Faculty Editor, nor anyone... ...t or for the file as an electronic transmission, in any way. 161). Explain what this passage shows about why Arrian wrote the Anabasis. The latter untrustworthy book Arrian wished to supplant by his own narrative, principally based on the works of Megasthenes and Nearchus. Anabasis Alexandri Book VIII has 7 ratings and 0 reviews. Xenophon, the most Attic of prose writers, mentions pointedly in his Anabasis, that the T en Thousand, when retreating through snowy mountains, ... ... out of their way, if you mean to mor- alize much longer.  E.J. Alexander crosses the Hindu-Koosh, XXIX. . VII. Though inspired with admiration for his hero, the author evinces impartiality and freedom from hero-worship.  From this we may infer that the author wished the Indica to be considered a distinct book from the Anabasis; and from the remark in Anab. Subject: Iran -- History -- To 640 Subject It is primarily a military history and has little to say about Alexander's personal life, his role in Greek politics or the reasons why the campaign against Persia was launched in the first place. 93) says:—"The Bithynica commences from the mythical events of history and comes down as far as the death of the last Nicomedes, who at his death bequeathed his kingdom to the Romans, who had never been ruled by a king after the expulsion of Tarquin.". . , A structural analysis shows the work to be divided in one case, into seven books. Losses of the Combatants.—Porus Surrenders, XIX. It is important literature for any serious research. There are, however, at least a dozen valuable Greek authors of this century whose works are still extant, and of these it is a safe statement to make, that Arrian is the best of them all, with the single exception of Lucian. DEMOSTHENES (384 BC, Athens-Oct. 12, 322, Calauria, Argolis), Athenian statesman, recognized as … Published 1976 by Harvard University Press (first published 175) Dispute between Callisthenes and Anaxarchus, XI. The city, modern Izmit, was the capital of ancient Bithynia and one of the foremost towns of early Christianity. Plutarch (Alexander, 8.2) says that Alexander was so enamored of the Iliad, the paradigm of all Greek epics of heroism, that he kept a copy under his pillow. The work was written in the second century AD (ref.- p.xiii), and pertains to the life of Alexander III (ref. Alexander visits the Temple of Ammon, VI. . ... which he seems to have taken from a book called Alexander's education, written by a Macedonian named Marsyas, who went to school with the crown prince. V. Besides editing these philosophical works, Arrian wrote many original books. Alexander at the Tomb of Achilles.—Memnon's advice Rejected by the Persian Generals, XV. He also made use of Alexander's letters, which he mentions five times; only once, however, quoting the exact words of the writer. Political / Social. Voyage down the Indus to the Land of Musicanus, XVI. Some statements made by other writers I have incorporated in my narrative, because they seemed to me worthy of mention and not altogether improbable; but I have given them merely as reports of Alexander's proceedings. Photius mentions among Arrian's historical works:—The Events after Alexander, in ten books, which gives the history of Alexander's successors. , It has four Latin translations, the first by Nicolaus Saguntinus, the second by Petrus Paulus Vergerius, the third by Bartholomæus Facius, the fourth by Bonaventure Vulcanius. The earlier literary efforts of Arrian were philosophical. , He was amongst the closest accompanying persons to the body of the leader apres l'mort de Hephaistion (ref. Callisthenes refuses to Prostrate himself, XIV. 93). XI. It was written during the resurgence of Greek literature that began in the era of the accession in 117 CE of the philhellenic emperor Hadrian--the era also included the writers Appian, Pausanias, Galen, & Lucian. c. first century AD) the Anabasis of Alexander, written by the Greek historian Arrianos of Nikomedia (lived c. 86 – after c. 146 AD) the Universal History written by the Greek historian Diodoros Sikeliotes (lived c. 90 – c. 30 BC) The Histories of Alexander the Great, written by the Roman historian Quintus Curtius Rufus (fl. The Persians capture Tenedus.—They are Defeated at Sea, IV. All we know of Arrian is derived from the notice of him in the Bibliotheca of Photius, who was Patriarch of Constantinople in the ninth century, and from a few incidental references in his own writings. He exhibits great literary acuteness in the choice of his authorities and in sifting evidence. , He witnessed the defeat of Darius III in 333, and was present at the time of the taking of control of Egypt. Lucian in his treatise. Arrian's Anabasis of Alexander in seven books is the best account we have of Alexander's adult life.Indica, a description of India and of Nearchus's voyage therefrom, was to be a supplement. Arrian, Anabasis Alexandri, (section 4.18.4-19.6). Conquest of the Glausians.—Embassy from Abisares.—Passage of the Acesines, XXII. XV. Alliance with the Scythians and Chorasmians, XVI. Other authorities quoted by Arrian himself were:—Eratosthenes, Megasthenes, Nearchus, Aristus, and Asclepiades.  In another case the work is divided into twelve books. A work on Tactics, composed 137 a.d. Exploration of the Mouths of the Indus, XXII. Neither the Pennsylvania State University nor Jim Manis, Faculty Editor, nor anyone... ...State University nor Jim Manis, Faculty Editor, nor anyone associated with the Penn- sylvania State University assumes any responsibility for the mate... ...ty Editor, Hazleton, PA 18202 is a Portable Document File produced as part of an ongoing student publication project to bring classical works of liter... ...too vaguely prefigured, which mark the Egyptian expedition of Cambyses—the anabasis of the younger Cyrus, and the subsequent retreat of the ten thousa... ...oint of space as well as in amount of forces, more extensive,) the Russian anabasis and katabasis of Napoleon. google_ad_width = 160; Anabasis of Alexander. The maps at the end of the volume are easy to understand but regrettably are not detailed enough. Only fragments of this and the Parthica remain. , A. The Vulcanius edition was most highly esteemed according to Rooke. Many rivers, villages, battle sites and ethnic groups do not appear on them. See Photius (cod. In regard to the contents of this book, Photius (cod. Sexual Content The Anabasis of Alexander is an account of Alexander the Great's campaigns. google_ad_client = "pub-2707004110972434"; Capture of Aornus.—Arrival at the Indus, III. In the Commentary which I have compiled, continual reference has been made to the other extant authorities on the history of Alexander, such as Diodorus, Plutarch, Curtius, Justin, and Aelian; so that I think I may safely assert that, taking the Translation and the Notes together, the book forms a complete history of Alexander's reign. The Note Book of an English Opium-Eater by Thomas de Quincey, the Pennsylvania State Univ... ...kedness of this man), that, upon entering the theatre, I found myself like Alexander Selkirk, in a frightful solitude, or like a single family of Arab... ... not. Publisher: Wyatt North Publishing, LLC. Arrian's Anabasis is the principal extant source for Alexander the Great's conquests and fortunately it is superbly written. Death of Philip and Accession of Alexander.—His Wars with the Thracians, III. The Anabasis of Alexander is perhaps his best-known work, and is generally considered one of the best sources on the campaigns of Alexander the Great. March through the Desert of Gadrosia, XXVII. The Anabasis of Alexander; or, The history of the wars and conquests of Alexander the Great. Oxyartes Besieged in the Sogdian Rock, XIX. v. 1, it is clear that it was composed after the Anabasis. 26, No. , Arrian was comptemtuous of Callisthenes account of Alexander, because he conceived him a 'flatterer' of Alexander, and he criticized him because of his stating he would make Alexander great through his writing rather than Alexander had already done through his own acts, for he held self-promotion to compromise an authors abilities to write truthfully, producing distortions in any account written about Alexander. Chapter I. Alexander the Great was already a historical figure and "larger than life" character by the time Arrian wrote his CAMPAIGNS OF ALEXANDER. , Other sources were Diodotus of Erythrae, Eumenes of Cardia (who kept a so called royal diary ), Nearchus of Crete, Megasthenes, Eratosthenes, Aristus, and Asclepiades. . XIII. These lectures were published by Arrian, under the title of Discourses of Epictetus, in eight books, the first four only of which have come down to us. Incredulity of Eratosthenes.—Passage of the Indus, VIII. Alexander at the Danube and in the Country of the . A student of Epictetus, Arrian took notes at his lectures and published them (in eight books of which we have four, The Discourses) and also the Encheiridion or Manual of Epictetus. A description of India, and of Nearchus's voyage thence, was to be a supplement. He accompanied his patron to Rome, where he received the Roman citizenship. Ptolemy was one of the earliest friends of Alexander before his accession to the throne, and accompanied him throughout his campaigns, being one of his most. Anxiety of the Soldiers about Alexander, XIII. . He became a pupil of the famous Stoic philosopher Epictetus, and afterwards went to Athens, where he received the surname of the "younger Xenophon," from the fact that he occupied the same relation to Epictetus as Xenophphon did to Socrates. Siege of Halicarnassus.—Abortive Attack on Myndus, XXIII. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization. . LITERALLY TRANSLATED, WITH A COMMENTARY, FROM THE GREEK OF ARRIAN THE NICOMEDIAN. XII. The Anabasis of Alexander is an account of Alexander the Great's campaigns. The History of the Wars and Conquests of Alexander the Great. . The work named Indica, is a description of India, and was usually united in manuscripts with the Anabasis, as an eighth book. Four lines from the bottom, for Anab. March through Carmania.—Punishment of Viceroys, XXIX. , The Aubrey de Sélincourt translation was published in its first edition by Penguin Publishing in its Penguin Classics series in 1958. Lucian (Alexander, 56) calls Arrian simply Xenophon. Aristobulus of Potidaea, a town in Macedonia, which was afterwards called Cassandrea, served under Alexander, and wrote a history of his wars, wbich, like that of Ptolemy, was sometimes more panegyrical than the facts warranted. 95-175 BCE) is the best extant account of Alexander the Great's adult life. A complete index of Proper Names has been added, and the quantities of the vowels marked for the aid of the English Reader. Photius (cod. 1 (1976), pp. - p.xi), who died in 323 BC (ref. The Anabasis of Alexander. Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles. I. THE ANABASIS OF ALEXANDER BY ARRIAN Arrianos of Nikomedia in Bithynia was a Greek historian and sometime consul of Rome who wrote the most detailed account of Alexander the Great’s reign (336-323 BC). Alliance with Porus.—Death of Buoephalas, XX. Alexander destroys the City of the Getae.—The Ambassadors of the Celts, XI. This is one of the most authentic and accurate of historical works. A valuable geographical work by Arrian has come down to us, called "Περίπλους πόντου Εύξείνου" a description of a voyage round the coasts of the Euxine. De Exp. Getae, IV. Defeat of Ariobarzanes and Capture of Persepolis, XIX. Different authors have given different accounts of Alexander's life; and there is no one about whom more have written, or more at variance with each other. The Advice of the Chaldees rejected, XIX. The Anabasis (which survives complete in seven books) is a history of the campaigns of Alexander the Great, specifically his conquest of the Persian Empire between 336 and 323 BC. 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