The court system of Canada forms the judicial branch of government, formally known as "The Queen on the Bench", which interprets the law and is made up of many courts differing in levels of legal superiority and separated by jurisdiction. In the United States, federal courts have original jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases. b. cases involving a person accused of a federal crime. They can also hear cases that involve state law, but only if the parties live in different states, and the amount they are arguing over is more than $75,000. List eight 8 types of cases over which federal courts have exclusive from ACCOUNTING 131 at Lewis and Clark Community College d. cases involving the infringement of a copyright. Federal courts also have "exclusive" subject matter jurisdiction over copyright cases, admiralty cases, lawsuits involving the military, immigration laws, and bankruptcy proceedings. •Federal courts hear cases involving violation of federal … The term “subject matter jurisdiction” refers to the fact that specific courts are established to handle cases pertaining to a particular type of claim. The first way is if the case arises out of a federal question or law. The Court’s jurisdiction. Federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over (C), citizens of different states, but only IF a party asserts it. The 12 appellate courts also have jurisdiction over specialized cases involving the federal government agencies, and cases dealing with patent law. Federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over all of the following types of cases EXCEPT - a. cases involving a foreign government official. Federal courts have original subject matter jurisdiction over all cases that arise under (are based upon) any federal law. The U.S. Supreme Court famously reviews case decisions of the highest courts of the states and also the federal Circuit Courts, resolving differences and setting precedent that lower courts must follow.But it also has "original jurisdiction" in a very narrow range of cases. This means that plaintiffs in all diversity jurisdiction cases and nearly all federal question cases have a choice of suing in federal or state court. U.S. federal courts’ subject matter jurisdiction comes from the Constitution and the Congress of the United States. Federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over (C), citizens of different states, but only IF a party asserts it. This allows parties to choose whether to go to state court or to federal court. Federal courts in the United States have the power to decide some types of cases but they do not have subject matter jurisdiction over every type of case in the United States. However, many states have chosen to try the least serious offenses and issues in a separate court, generally referred to as a court of limited jurisdiction. The primary difference for civil cases (as opposed to criminal cases) is the types of cases that can be heard in the federal system. In some cases, both federal and state courts have jurisdiction. To illustrate, a federal district court would have subject-matter jurisdiction over a case in which a plaintiff sues the Federal Government for passing an allegedly discriminatory law. State law usually specifies which courts have jurisdiction over which types of cases. This is called jurisdiction, or the authority to hear certain types of cases. Bankruptcy Courts Federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases involving personal, business, or farm bankruptcy. The kind of cases that a court gets to hear are determined by the 'subject matter jurisdiction' that the court has. In legal terms, jurisdiction is the authority given by law to a court to try cases and rule on legal matters within a particular geographic area and/or over certain types of legal cases. People or businesses file for bankruptcy when they have more liabilities than they have the ability to pay from their assets and income. Other than these limited excepts, state courts can handle pretty … Federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction only in a very few kinds of federal question cases, such as lawsuits involving copyright violations, patent infringement, or federal tax claims. Federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over bankruptcy cases. Most states also have juvenile courts, which have exclusive jurisdiction over crimes committed by minors. This requirement has been found to be narrower than the requirements of the constitution. c. cases involving probate. Federal courts are courts of limited jurisdiction, meaning they can only hear cases authorized by the United States Constitution or federal statutes. Currently, the lower federal court system is made up of 12 geographically located regional circuit courts of appeal which have appellate jurisdiction over 94 district trial courts. is the only court that gets to hear) cases arising out of the US Constitution, as well as some other limited types of cases like bankruptcy cases and tax cases. Federal courts usually only have jurisdiction over cases that involve federal law. They have a constitutional issue at their base. There are two ways in which a federal court can obtain federal jurisdiction over a matter. A federal court has exclusive jurisdiction (i.e. Constitution Cases: If a law might contradict the Constitution then the case has to go to federal court. All cases involving federal law must be filed with the federal district court in the assigned geographical location. •The Constitution gives federal courts jurisdiction over eight kinds of cases. It can denote the extent of the power of an entity to make legal decisions and judgements. User: Federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over all of the following types of cases EXCEPT - a. cases involving a foreign government official. Here are some examples to clarify: Filing a lawsuit against a police officer and a police department for violating a federal civil rights law that allows citizens that have been wrongfully arrested to collect civil damages. Federal courts have exclusive jurisdiction over eight types of cases, meaning only the federal courts can hear these types of cases. For a civil action to proceed, the court must have statutory authority to hear the type of case that is before it. 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